Many people think it’s normal if their gums bleed when they brush or floss. That bleeding can be one of the first warning signs that you’ve got gum disease.
Periodontal or gum disease is a bacterial infection that damages soft tissues and bones that hold the teeth in the mouth.
Swollen and bleeding gums are initial symptoms to know that your gums are getting affected with the bacterial infection. If nothing is done, the infection can spread. It can destroy the structures that support your teeth in your jawbone. If not treated on an early basis then it can lead to a tooth extraction also.
“Peri” means around, and “odontal” refers to teeth. Periodontal diseases are infections of soft tissues and bones that hold the teeth in the mouth.
The two most common periodontal diseases are:
Gingivitis – swelling of the gum at the neck of the teeth.
Periodontitis – swelling at the bone and tissues of the teeth.
Both gingivitis and periodontal diseases can raise the risk of diabetes, heart disease, osteoporosis, pneumonia, and cancer. Early detection can help you for the best cure.
Gingivitis is a common form of gum disease that causes irritation, redness, and swelling of your gingiva, the part of your gum around the base of your teeth. Gingivitis needs prompt attention and immediate treatment. Otherwise, it can lead to serious gum disease called periodontitis and tooth loss.
Healthy gums are firm and pink and fitted tightly around the teeth. Symptoms of gingivitis include:
- Swollen or puffy gums
- Dusky red or dark red gums
- Bleeding gums when you brush or floss
- Bad breath
- Receding Gums
- Tender Gums
The common cause of gingivitis is unhealthy gums which are because of poor oral hygiene that encourages plaque to form on teeth, causing the swelling gum tissues.
Professional gingivitis treatment at “Aura Dental” includes:
- Professional dental cleaning: Please dental cleaning will include removal of plaque, tartar and bacterial products.
- Dental restoration, if needed: Removal of plaque during daily oral care can become a little tough and may lead to swelling of gums with misaligned teeth or poor crown fittings, bridges or other dental restorations.
- Ongoing care: Gingivitis can be cured by a professional cleaning —with that regular good oral hygiene at home is also required.
Periodontitis could be a serious gum infection that damages the soft tissue and destroys the bone that supports your teeth. It can lead teeth to loosen or tooth loss.
- Swollen or puffy gums
- Bright red, dusky red or purplish gums
- Gums that feel tender when touched
- Bleeding gums
- Gums that recede from your teeth, making your teeth look longer than normal
- New spaces developing between your teeth
- Pus between your teeth and gums
- Bad breath
- Loose teeth
- Painful chewing
In most cases, periodontitis begins with plaque — a sticky layer around the teeth composed mainly of bacteria.
The gum disease treatment may be surgical or non-surgical, depending on the severity of the disease and the patient’s preferences. The professional dentists at “Aura Dental” can help you with the required treatment mentioned below:
- Non-surgical: Non-surgical options for the treatment of gum diseases include antibiotics and a non-surgical deep-cleaning procedure called tooth scaling and root planing that removes tartar and plaque from below the gum line.
- Surgical: Procedures to remove excess gum, to regenerate lost bone and tissue, to reduce pockets formed at the gum line, are included in the Surgical treatment for gum diseases.
Like, when any other disease diagnosed, you should take gum disease seriously. Consult your dental professional and follow their advice to help improve your overall oral health.
One should follow a regular oral care routine which can help to stop the gum disease before it starts. This regimen should provide comprehensive tooth and gum care to help prevent and treat gingivitis and periodontitis.